Ferric Chloride Powder is a black colored chemical substance that is available in fine powdered form with zero moisture and impurities. It shows excellent solubility in water and has a characteristic odor. It is commonly used as a coagulant in water treatment plants to remove impurities from water. It is also useful in the pharmaceutical industry as a reagent. This chemical power is a hazardous material and its direct contact and inhalation can cause skin irritation. Buyers can get this industrial grade compound with minimum order quantity of 25 tons.
Ferric Chloride Powder Properties:
1. Physical Appearance: Ferric chloride powder is typically dark brown or reddish-brown in color. It is commonly found in a crystalline or granular form.
2. Odor: Ferric chloride powder has a distinctive and strong odor, which can be quite noticeable.
3. Solubility: Ferric chloride is soluble in water and forms a strongly acidic solution. The solubility increases with temperature. When dissolved in water, it forms a complex mixture of hydrolyzed species.
4. Hygroscopic: Ferric chloride has hygroscopic properties, meaning it readily absorbs moisture from the air, which can lead to clumping or caking of the powder.
5. Corrosive Nature: Ferric chloride is corrosive to many metals, including iron, and can cause staining, rusting, or degradation of certain materials upon contact. It should be handled with care, and proper storage precautions should be taken.
6. Chemical Reactivity: Ferric chloride is a strong Lewis acid, which means it can accept pairs of electrons from other substances. It is commonly used as a catalyst in various chemical reactions, such as in the production of pharmaceuticals, dyes, and other organic compounds.
7. Etching Agent: Ferric chloride is widely used in PCB (Printed Circuit Board) manufacturing as an etching agent. It selectively removes copper from the surface of a copper-clad substrate to create circuit patterns.
8. Coagulant and Flocculant: Ferric chloride is used in water treatment processes as a coagulant and flocculant. It helps to remove impurities and particles from water by causing them to clump together and settle.
9. Mordant in Dyeing: Ferric chloride is used as a mordant in textile dyeing and printing processes. It helps fix dyes to fabrics and improve color fastness.
Applications of Ferric Chloride Powder:
1. Water Treatment: Ferric chloride is commonly used as a coagulant and flocculant in municipal and industrial water treatment processes. It helps remove impurities, suspended particles, and contaminants from water by causing them to clump together and settle, making it easier to filter and purify the water.
2. PCB (Printed Circuit Board) Manufacturing: Ferric chloride is a well-known etching agent used in the production of printed circuit boards. It selectively etches away the copper from the surface of copper-clad substrates to create circuit patterns and traces.
3. Wastewater Treatment: In addition to water purification, ferric chloride is used in treating industrial wastewater. It aids in the removal of heavy metals, phosphates, and other pollutants through coagulation and precipitation processes.
4. Textile and Leather Industries: Ferric chloride serves as a mordant in dyeing and printing processes in the textile industry. It helps improve color fastness and the adherence of dyes to fabrics. It's also used in leather tanning to enhance the dyeing process.
5. Chemical Synthesis: Ferric chloride is employed as a Lewis acid catalyst in various chemical reactions. It finds application in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, perfumes, and other organic compounds.
6. Metal Surface Treatment: Ferric chloride is used to pickle (remove oxide scale) and passivate metal surfaces, particularly stainless steel, to improve corrosion resistance and enhance the appearance of the metal.
7. Medicine and Pharmaceuticals: Ferric chloride is used in the production of certain pharmaceuticals and medicines, such as iron supplements for treating iron-deficiency anemia. It may also be used as a hemostatic agent to stop bleeding in medical procedures.
8. Printmaking: Artists use ferric chloride for etching plates in printmaking. It bites into metal plates to create intricate designs and textures for various printmaking techniques.
9. Photography: Ferric chloride is used in some photographic processes, particularly in early photographic methods such as the creation of daguerreotypes and ambrotypes.
10. Catalysis: Ferric chloride can act as a catalyst in several chemical reactions, including the production of synthetic polymers, pharmaceutical intermediates, and other organic compounds.
11. Laboratory Reagent: Ferric chloride is commonly used in laboratories as a reagent for various tests and experiments, such as the detection of phenols, the preparation of specific reagents, and more.
Q. What is ferric chloride powder?
Ans: Ferric chloride powder is a chemical compound with the formula FeCl3. It is a dark brown or reddish-brown powder that is commonly used for various industrial and laboratory applications.
Q. What is ferric chloride powder used for?
Ans: Ferric chloride powder is used in applications such as water treatment, PCB manufacturing, wastewater treatment, textile dyeing, chemical synthesis, metal surface treatment, medicine, and more.
Q. Is ferric chloride powder corrosive?
Ans: Yes, ferric chloride powder is corrosive to many metals. It can cause staining, rusting, or degradation of certain materials upon contact. Handling it requires proper safety precautions.
Q. How is ferric chloride powder stored?
Ans: Ferric chloride powder should be stored in a dry, well-ventilated area away from moisture and incompatible materials. It is advisable to keep it in tightly sealed containers to prevent moisture absorption.
Q. Is ferric chloride powder safe to handle?
Ans: Ferric chloride powder should be handled with care. It is corrosive and can cause skin and eye irritation. Always wear appropriate protective equipment such as gloves, goggles, and a lab coat when working with it.
Q. What is the role of ferric chloride in water treatment?
Ans: Ferric chloride is used as a coagulant and flocculant in water treatment processes. It helps to remove impurities and particles from water by causing them to clump together and settle, making it easier to purify the water.
Q. How is ferric chloride used in PCB manufacturing?
Ans: Ferric chloride is an etching agent used in the production of printed circuit boards (PCBs). It selectively etches away the copper from the surface of copper-clad substrates to create circuit patterns and traces.
Q. Can ferric chloride be used in medical applications?
Ans: Yes, ferric chloride has some medical applications. It can be used in the production of pharmaceuticals, iron supplements for anemia treatment, and as a hemostatic agent to stop bleeding.
Q. Is ferric chloride powder used in art and printmaking?
Ans: Yes, artists use ferric chloride for etching metal plates in printmaking. It creates intricate designs and textures on the plates for various printmaking techniques.
Q. What precautions should be taken when working with ferric chloride powder?
Ans: When working with ferric chloride powder, wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) including gloves, goggles, and a lab coat. Work in a well-ventilated area, avoid inhaling fumes, and follow proper handling and disposal procedures.